Saudi Arabia: A brief history (in case of collapse)
Dr. Fawzi Mansour, in his book “Arabs Exiting History”, refers to a series of events that led to the formation of the “backwards reactionary Arab block”, Saudi Arabia. Specifically, he refers to three historical events. First, in the seventh century, wherein the capital of the caliphate was moved from “Medina” to “Damascus”, which led to the marginalization of the Arabian Peninsula, politically, economically, socially and culturally. In addition, the continued immigration of its population to Syria, Iraq and other countries of the Arab Empire emptied the Arab Peninsula’s heart and turned it to a vacuum. Thus, it regained its tribal primitive lifestyle which lasted until the twentieth century;
Secondly, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, when Britain’s control over the sea ports of the peninsula and its local governing bodies tightened. That led to a decline in what remained of its vital economic, social and political stamina on the coasts. As a result, it retreated to the interior where it survived by farming in villages and in the oases of Badawi area. Here in the village of Ayniya in Najad, under the influence of this choking economic and political marginalization, isolation, seclusion from any cultural evolution in the Arab-Muslim world, was created Wahhabism which became the ideological weapon of the House of Saud and their ambition.
The third event was the appearance of the oil wealth in such a state.
Wahhabism is not an Islamic sect, but a local non-educated religious tendency, unrelated to the Islamic thought and to the achievements of Islam over the centuries; Despite its claim to return to the Quran and the Sunni sect, it remains far from their vital core and their historical message. It is governed by, because of its environment, shallowness of thought, prioritization of primitive formalities and bigotry to justify violence, which was suitable for the ambitions of the Saudi family and their expansion and control of the Arabian Peninsula, in other words, suitable for their reign in the land drawn by the British for them; The only exception to this came in Hijaz, which had a ruler called Hussein bin Ali, put because of regional pressure (because of his alliance with Britain in the Great Arab Revolt). He was a failure when it came to the organization of the local administration.
The Hijaz area was relatively sophisticated and different from Najad; this because it maintained a large link with the Arab and Islamic world, because of the pilgrimage, also because of the port. The people of Hijaz, over the decades since 1925, lived with the excruciating feeling of submission to the occupying Najadis, while the Hashemites remained haunted by the hope of return (Hashemites were kicked out to Jordan); In 1990, when it seemed that President Saddam Hussein might loosen and change, with his occupying of Kuwait, the regional system, King Hussein of Jordan went ahead and declared himself “Al Shareef” or “the honest”, the title of the Al-Hashemi governor of Mecca.
Now, we are living in the stage where again the regional system is loosening, cracking and changing; We will soon see that any security breach or political chaos in Saudi Arabia will launch a dynamic of Hijazi independence. It may have already started in Hijaz; Moreover, the threat could come from Yemen, which was usurped by the Al-Saud family (large chunks of it), in 1934, through a war: Areas usurped: Najran (Ismailia) and Jizan and Asir (Alsidetain). These events did not leave and dissipate from the conscience and memories of Yemenis. Even Ali Abdullah Saleh, the ex-president slave of Yemen put by the Saud family, did not dare, until the year 2000, to recognize and draw the borders with Saudi Arabia. In any case, the reservoir of humans in Yemen, who are under severe economic peril and crisis, is set to blast off in the face of Saudi Arabia despite the apartheid wall built on the border. Not to forget, there are two million Yemenis whom Saudi Arabia expelled, due to them supporting Saddam Hussein in the Kuwait crisis, who are waiting for their vengeful return.
In Yemen now, there is a change in the political canvas because of the rising and emerging power of the Houthis. Any such advancement in the rise of the Yemenis will benefit from any little security crack in the Kingdom, which will lead to the recovery of the land occupied by Al-Saud.
There are about four million Shiites in the Eastern Province of the Kingdom, in Qtaif and Ihsa, which are connected to Najran, Asir and Jizan. They all face brutal Riyadh authoritarian, religious and political marginalization and deprivation of development while most of the oil wealth lies in their land. Even as far back as 200 years, the east of the peninsula was separate from the inside, with no link connecting between the two cultures or civilizations, until it was forcibly attached to the kingdom by the Saudi family; It is part of the Grand Bahrain (2 seas) civilization, the Habitat of Dilmun. It is a river settled civilization and not a sea settled civilization.
Lastly, we find that Najad, the birth place of Al-Sauod, is also the subject of deep conflict with the Shommar tribe, who were overthrown by the Saudis along with their rulers the Al-Rasheed family in 1921. The Tabuk and Jouf areas are part of the civilization of Petra and an extension of the Jordanian desert. Oman has been forced to cede the valley of Sarhan and Qurayyat for the Saudis to stop their demands for expansion in Ma’an and Aqaba.
This complex combination resembles a boiler being pressed down by a repressive security regime propped by America and also propped by a comprehensive Wahhabi control of all educational and cultural space. The latter is exactly the culture of “IS” supported by the majority of Sunnis in the kingdom who donate a lot of money and men to its cause; the Kingdom represents, in fact, the environment most fertile for the leeches of “IS” who are digging the grave of Al Saud by the same ideological shovel that helped to suppress areas of the peninsula, the seizure of its wealth, the persecution of its people especially the “gentiles” of them.
The most dangerous thing that “IS” would do in Saudi Arabia, it will break the lid on the boiler.